Framing

21 11 2011

Class Tutorial – November 11th, 2011

“I don’t want expensive gifts; I don’t want to be bought. I have everything I want. I just want someone to be there for me, to make me feel safe and secure” by Princess Diana

Our tutorial today start at 10.15 am with readability metrics and ideal writing standard begins our discussion by Dr. Joanne.

Frankly speaking, during the previously weeks, I learn most of the topics but in term of explanations and discussion, I learn a lot of new thing which was share by Dr. Joanne to us in the class. And I have to say, that are new thing that I should learn and know about what is journalism is all about. Everything is new as it was journalism mean to all journalists. Every day we go to coverage and events, we learn something new. That is what I am trying to say about this week topics…framing on Sept 11. I didn’t know that the frame is based on cultural logic as the problematic effects-the cause-moral judgement and finally the Initial Remedy. Of cause, Sept 11 is one of top stories news in the world history, besides the Death of Princess Diana in 1998 and Michael Jackson in 2010.

But what I’m trying to say is I write news stories without framing it and sometime, I have to follow what my desk editor want accordance to the gatekeeper as government officials. But the thing is why we don’t frame the news stories before we write on it? If, I missed this class on that day, I miss everything because among all the topics were discussed previously, this week is the most obviously attracted to me…

Of course, every student of journalism must be familiar with such statement, “dog bites man is not news, man bites dog is; or that news is anything that makes the reader say ‘Gee Whiz’ (Bogart, quoted in Mott 1950: 376, 126; Harrison, 2006: p.21)

And Willmott Lewis on the audience’s; “I think it well to remember that, when writing for the newspapers, we are writing for an elderly lady in Hastings who has two cats of which she is passionately fond. Unless our staff can successfully compete for her interest with those cats, it is no good”, (quoted in sherrin 2003: 165)

Very interesting is Three different classes of objects; political events, issues and actors (politicians, individuals groups) – Sept 11 frame. For this topic, it is very useful for my thesis and I want to frame my thesis as what Dr. Joanne do, Sept 11 World Trade Centre/Twin Tower

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Film, Video and Book

15 11 2011

Thursday – 10th November, 2011

“There was no possibility of taking a walk that day. We had been wandering, indeed, in the leafless shrubbery an hour in the morning; but since dinner (Mrs. Reed, when there was no company, dined early) the cold winter wind had brought with it clouds so sombre, and a rain so penetrating, that further out-door exercise was now out of the question. I was glad of it: I never liked long walks, especially on chilly afternoons: dreadful to me was the coming home in the raw twilight, with nipped fingers and toes, and a heart saddened by the chidings of Bessie, the nurse, humbled by the consciousness of my physical inferiority to Eliza, John, and Georgiana Reed” by Jane Eyre

Today, I am late. I reach the class almost 11am instead of 10am.

While the class has started, I manage to start from ‘To recap as Research@ topics, later with explanations on the relationship between texts and audiences, media effects, audience experiences (modes of dissemination).

Dr.  Joanne continue with the ‘Film, Video and Book’ as the main topic of the day.

Audio is for film, Text is for book, Film is images, sound effect, pictures and so on, while books she said is limiting of words.

I purposely put the ‘Jane Eyre’ picture because this book, wrote by Charlotte Bronte is the first book until today has become my favorite story book. Although, yet to have one , quiet expensive..buying online,…and very difficult to have one …Jane Eyre make me love to read and her movie to. Even though, i like Jane Austen too as well as Iliad of Homer by Homer, still Jane Eyre still my number one book story in my reading.

Continue again with our topic in class today. Its make me a bit lousy on the topics because I heard it everyday as a broadcast journalist. However, what is interesting on me is, the never heard about “Saga generation” – over 50’s, as Dr. Joanne saying that there is no words for age between over 30’s and 40’s?.

The other part is when we were allowed to criticizing our friends writing or challenge each other by choosing article, audience and subject to our friends….some may answer in a funny ways, some may not. But the things is its make me more understanding on what is writing, editing wand publishing all about.

The news info for me is ‘The New News Audience’ by Pew Research Centre, US. Hah!!!! Very, very useful for my thesis literature reviews or my new info studying on news….that is all for today and next week we will discussed on readability statistics.





03/11/2011 – Among all topics, i love photojournalism the most..taking picture is more worths, i feel satisfied in my jobs as journalist..

6 11 2011





New Straits Times and the Star newspapers

2 11 2011

News Stories: Sabah Railway Train crashed into a fuel tanker near Kota Kinabalu International Airport on 31st of October, 2011

Date of published: November 1, 2011 (Tuesday

NEW STRAITS TIMES

We begin with the NEW STRAITS TIMES slug: Train rams into tanker, 9 injured (not highlight. Not a headline but lead story published at the front page). The story angle begins; “Nine people, including a pregnant woman, were injured when a Sabah railway passenger train crashed into an oil tanker at a level crossing near the Kota Kinabalu International Airport yesterday”.

– The news stories begin with human angle like…a pregnant woman….

– Incident collision: 5.30pm

11 injured passengers including tanker driver and locomotive driver were reported in details like full name and aged

– Sources: Interview; 1 passenger and two government officials – Sabah Police Commissioner and Deputy Chief Minister of Sabah.

A medium picture used and the tragedy continuous published at page four when a huge closed-up picture of the damage train were seen. There is no picture of the injured victim but long-short picture (small images) of two fire fighters near the damage train.

The STAR

The STAR slug: Rain Track infer (highlight, headline and lead story of the day at the front page): 12 seriously hurt as train slams into fuel tanker. Here is the Star news stories angle; “A train carrying 200 passengers collided with a fuel tanker at an “unmanned” railway crossing, causing a massive explosion in Kepayan here. Twelve people were seriously injured and 34 passengers could not be traced”.

– The news stories begin with a number (200 passengers, 12 seriously injured and 34

Passengers could not be traced).

– There is no time were reported by The Star.

– Page 3 begins with the train victims.

-Page 6 rail horror pictures

– Sources: Interview; 3 passengers and two government officials – Sabah Police Commissioner and Sabah Railways Director.

At the front page, the Star newspapers published a huge closed-up picture on explosion with clear picture or images at the scene.  The picture made readers easy to know what is happening at the scene in term of the damage and explosion fire. The news stories appears again at the whole page of page 3 with more closed-up pictures including, the damage, explosion fire, blaze, injured victims assist by the Fire and Rescue Department (BOMBA), a police officer questioning the tanker driver (images courtesy from Bernama) as well as several members of the public. The Star also used graphic picture (Map) to allocate the incident location. The readers also can see clearly pictures of the rail horror at Page 6 (images courtesy from Bernama)

Differences

  1. Human Angle – people like to read, listen and watch stories about people.
  2. The 5 W’s and 1H – It’s a journalism rule that refers to 5 elements every story should include; 5W (Who, What, When, Where and Why, and 1H (How).
  3. Images or Pictures (to attract readers emotional)
  4. Sources and Interview
  5. Story Writing – Words (Example: NST – crashed, The Star – slams




Unethical Reporting

1 11 2011

20th October, 2011 -Topic of the day, ‘Journalism Lab’. Today also, i am punctual in time, 10am in the class.

Dr. Joanne started the slides…with writing for the media – with some legal and ethical framework: challenges and opportunities..which is defamation and  privileges.

According to Dr. Joanne in her explanation, a malicious defamation expressed either by printing or by sign, pictures or the like tending to blacken the alive and therapy exposing him to public hatred. The discussion continue to defenses against libel: truth, privilege and fair comment.

Speaking on Fair comment, it is a crucial defense against libel suits which is put up by members of the media..in some short of ‘Malice’ or ‘Actual Malice’ on unethical reporting from Journalist could damage other career such as The resignation of the Prime Minister.

“There are two problems…how far back do you go is one and the other is with a conflict like this, nearly every single fact is disputed…I have to, as a journalist, make a judgement…I know it’s a question of interpretation so I have to say what both sides think and I think sometimes that stops us from giving the background we should be giving” (comment taken from a longer quote in PHILO and BERRy, 2004:p-245)

I would like  to take some example of unethical reporting by CNN reporter, Amber Lyon and bias in media by Bernard Goldberg.

Most of bias occurs in the mainstream media comes from stories that are not covered, and the terminology used. Journalist ignores balance story and bias in news stories. The 2002 Emmy-award winning broadcast journalist Bernard Goldberg who works at CBS Network views bias as a liberal bias. Goldberg who have published “Bias: a CBS Insider Exposes How the Media Distorts the News”, bias is the case that the media’s tilt is not the product of a left-wing conspiracy but the result of like-minded people being attracted to the same profession and reinforcing their existing views and values. Source Links: http://www.nieman.harvard.edu/reportsitem.aspx?id=101527; http://www.life.org.nz/euthanasia/euthanasiamediakeyissues/biasinreporting/

Another example of unethical reporting is CNN Amber Lyon who calls herself an Investigative Journalist as reported by Steve Farnsworth in his blog published September 11, 2010. According to Steve, Amber filed a story that accused Craigslist of failing to properly flag an adult service’s ad as child prostitution. Ads they had promised to manually screen. According to Amber one slipped by. An ad she wrote and posted. This “failure” was the basis of an interview with Craigslist’s founder Craig Newmark while he was at an event at George Washington University (Source Links: http://stevefarnsworth.wordpress.com/2010/09/11/was-cnn-reporter-amber-lyon%E2%80%99s-reporting-unethical-or-pandering/.